DOCTOR OF PHILOSPHY (PhD) PROGRAMME IN HOME SCIENCE

PHILOSOPHY

The philosophy of the Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) Programme in Home Science is to develop high level manpower to pursue careers in academics and research. It is to provide the highest degree of specialization in a particular field in the context of expanding knowledge globally and solving real life problems. The Student of Home Science is thus engaged in applied field of study that brings together knowledge and skills from different disciplines within the pure and applied arts and sciences to solve the most pressing problems that challenge the families presently, as well as those that are possibly going to emerge in the future.

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES

The Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D) Programme in Home Science is aimed at:

  • Equipping students with research skills through the conduct of supervised research, seminar presentations and thesis preparation.
  • Providing training for those whose future careers lie in teaching and research at the tertiary level and in research and development in the public and private sectors

ADMISSION REQUIREMENTS

Candidates seeking admission into Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D) Programme or firm registration in Home Science must have Masters degree in Home Science/Home Economics or related discipline from recognized institutions with  minimum GPA of 3.5 or 60% without failed courses, whereas  students with an average of 50% with outstanding course(s) will retake them and as well proceed to their Doctorate programme. Students with an average less than 50% will retake the entire courses..

 

DURATION

  • The Full-Time Doctor of Philosophy Programme shall run for a minimum duration of Six(6) semesters and maximum of Ten (10) semesters
  • The Part-time Doctor of Philosophy Programme shall run for a minimum duration of Eight (8) semesters and maximum of Twelve (12) semesters
  • The full-time Masters/PhD programme shall run for a minimum duration of Eight (8) semesters and maximum of Twelve (12) semesters.
  • The Part-time Masters/PhD programme shall run for a minimum of Ten (10) semesters and a maximum of Fourteen (14) semesters.

 

GRADUATION REQUIREMENTS

The programme consists of course work, project work and seminars. To be awarded the Doctor of Philosophy in Home Science, a candidate must have fulfilled the following conditions:

  • Passed a minimum of 42 Credit Units, as follows:

 

Courses                                                                      Units

Core Courses                                                                12

Thesis                                                                            12

Seminar                                                                           6

Electives                                                                       12

Total                                                                             42

  • Carried out a research relevant to the area of specialization and submitted an acceptable thesis.

 Stress Areas                                                                                                  Codes

Introductory/Foundational Courses                                                                0

Family and Child Studies                                                                               1

Home Management                                                                                         2

Hospitality and Institutional Management                                                     2

Interior Decoration and Design                                                                      2

Food and Nutrition                                                                                         3

Textiles, Clothing and Fashion Design                                                          4

Entrepreneurship                                                                                             5

Statistics                                                                                                          6

Computer Application                                                                                    7

Seminar                                                                                                           8

Project                                                                                                             9

 

Course Structure

Core Courses               Units                                                                                   

PGC  701           Synopsis and Grant Writing                                                 3

HSc  761           Statistics and Research Methods in Home Science              3

HSc  780           Advanced Seminar in Home Science 1                                3

HSc  781           Advanced Seminar in Home Science  11                             3

HSc 790/791      Thesis                                                                                   12

Electives                                                                                12

Total                                                                                     42

 

Electives in Areas of Specialization

  1. Family and Child Studies Units

HSc  711         Techniques of Assessment in Human  Development, Young

Child Behaviour and Guidance                                              3

HSc  712         Assessment Techniques in Family Studies                            3

HSc  713         Parent Education                                                                    3

HSc  714         Developing Educational and Play Materials                           3

Total                                                                                       12                                                                                                             

 

 

  1. Home Management (Family Resource Management) Units

HSc  722          Occupational Stress Management                                          3

HSc  725          House and Its Interiors                                                           3

HSc  727          Work Simplification and Analysis                                        3

HSc  729          Ecology and Environment                                                     3

      Total                                                                                       12

 

 

  • Hospitality and Institutional Management            Units

HSc  721             Hospitality Facility and Design                                          3

HSc  722             Occupational Stress Management                                      3

HSc  726             Human Resource/Personnel Management                          3

HSc  732             Food Quality and Safety                                                     3

 Total                                                                               12

 

  1. Interior Decoration and Design Units

HSc 716           Functional Designs for Special Needs                                   3

HSc 723           Landscape Design and Management                                     3

HSc 724           Floriculture and Flower Arrangement                                   3

HSc 749           Furniture and furnishing                                                        3

 Total                                                                                       12

 

  1. Food and Nutrition          Units

HSc  731             Food Commodity Studies, Preparation and Management  3

HSc  732             Food Quality and Safety                                                     3

HSc  733             Nutritional Disorders                                                                      3

HSc  734            Advanced Community Nutrition                                         3

Total                                                                                     12

 

  1. Textiles, Clothing and Fashion Design Units

HSc  741           Sewing Projects for the Home                                              3

HSc  742           Colour, Dyes and Fabric Coloration                                     3

HSc  744           Computer Aided Apparel and Textile Design CAD)           3

HSc  745         Traditional, Contemporary and Specialized

Tailoring/Construction                                                            3

Total                                                                                       12                           

 

Course Distribution by Semester                                                        

First Semester

  1. Core Courses

Course No                         Title                                                                     Units

PGC 701            Synopsis and grant writing                                                     3

HSc 761             Statistics and Research Methods in Home Science                3

HSc 781               Advanced Seminar in Home Science   1                              3

                                           Total                                                                    9

 

Electives in Areas of Specialization

Course No Title Unit
     

i     Family and Child Studies

HSc  711 Methods and Techniques of Assessment in

Human      Development and Family Studies

3
HSc  713 Parent Education 3
HSc  715 Assessment of Young Child Behaviour and Guidance for Children 3
  Total 9

 

ii    Family Resource Management (Home Management)                  Units

HSc  727 Work Simplification and Analysis       3
HSc  729

 

 

Ecology and Environment

Total                                                                                                                                   

      3

      6

iii) Hospitality and Institutional Management                                     Units

HSc 721 Hospitality Facility Design      3
  Total      3

 

 

iv   Interior Decoration and Design                                                      Units

HSc  723 Landscape Design and Management      3
HSc  749 Furniture and Furnishing      3
  Total      6

 

v      Food and Nutrition                                                                         Units

HSc 731 Food Commodity Studies, Preparation and Management      3
HSc 733 Nutritional Disorders      3

                      Total                                                                                         6                

vi). Textiles, Clothing and Fashion Design                                                 Units

HSc 741 Sewing Project for the Home      3
HSc 745 Traditional, Contemporary and Specialized Tailoring      3
  Total      6

 

 

Second Semester

  1. Core Courses

Course No        Title                                                                          Units            

HSc  780         Advanced Seminar in Home Science 11                    3

HSc 790/791   Thesis                                                                          16              

 Total                                                                                                  19

  1. Electives in Areas of Specialization

 

  1. Family and Child studies Units
HSc   712 Assessment Techniques in Family Studies 3
HSc   714 Developing Educational and Play Materials 3
  Total 6

 

  1. Family Resource Management (Home Management) Units
HSc 722 Occupational Stress Management 3
HSc728 House and its Interiors

Total

3

6

 

  1. Hospitality and Institutional Management Units             
HSc 722 Occupational Stress Management 3
HSc 726 Human Resource/Personnel Management 3
HSc 732 Food Quality and Safety 3

                      Total                                                                                    9                      

 

  • Interior Decoration and Design Units
HSc  716 Functional design for special needs 3
HSc  724 Floriculture and Flower Arrangements 3
  Total 6

      

  1. Food and Nutrition Units
HSc  732 Food Quality and Safety 3

 

HSc  734  Advanced Community Nutrition 3

                       Total                                                                                   6

 

  1. Textiles, Clothing and Fashion Design
CourseNo Title Units
HSc  742

HSc  744

Colour, Dyes and Fabric Colouration

Computer Aided Apparel and Textile Design (CAD)

3

3

  Total 6

 

Course Description                              

PGC 701: Synopsis and Grant Writing                                                                  (3 Units)

Identification of types and nature of grant and grant writing, miming of grants application calls on the internet. Determining appropriate strategy for each grant application. Study of various grant application structures and contents and writing of concept notes, detailed project description, budgeting and budget defence. Study of sample grant writings in various forms and writing of mock research and other grants. Identification of University of Nigeria synopsis structure and requirements (Introduction, Methodology, and Results). Determining the content of each sub-unit of the synopsis. Steps in writing of synopsis from the Dissertation/Thesis document. Structural and language issues. Common errors in synopsis writing and strategies for avoiding them. The roles of the student and the supervisor in the production of synopsis. Writing of mock synopsis. All PhD students must attend a solution-based interactive workshop to be organised by the School of Postgraduate Studies for a practical demonstration and application of the knowledge acquired from the course conducted by selected experts.

HSc 711 Techniques of Assessment in Human Development,                     (3 Units) Conception and prenatal development. Domains of development, stages of development and developmental tasks. The context of development (families, culture, ethnic groups and social conditions).  Relationships of heredity and environment. The universal characteristics of childhood (first experiences). Children in families, skill development and learning. Methods of child study (observation, longitudinal, cross-sectional, experimental, etc.)  Purpose of assessment. Tools/methods for assessment. Factors to consider in choosing a method of assessment.  Contrast initial and ongoing assessment. Advantages and disadvantages of various assessment tools/methods. List of child behavior portfolio. Guidelines for observing

children.

HSc  712   Assessment  Techniques in Family Studies                                            (3 Units)

Family relationships (history of the family, family functions and farms, family life-cycle, adult life-cycle. Human developments (growth, developments, reproduction, contraceptive options).  Caregiving through the life-cycle (human needs, nurturing/caring environment, changing needs, death and dying). Individual relationships and communication (communication, nurturing relationships, stress and lifestyles). Personal decisions and community connections (character development, work and family life, resource management). Diversity in society (relationship trends).

 

HSc 713   Parent Education                                                                                       (3 Units)

Divorce as loss. Permanency of parental role/shared parenting. Developmental stages of childhood. Communication with children in a divorce situation Communication with the other parent. Abuse (power to control dynamics of domestic violence). Legal concepts (information about family law). Parenting time. How to separate adult business from children’s business. Conflict avoidance strategies during divorce. Financial matters of divorce with children.   Resource for divorcing parent.

HSc 714   Developing Educational Toys and Play Materials                                   (3 Units)

Types of educational and play materials. Purposes of varieties of educational and play materials Features of good educational and play material. Planning and production of educational and play materials. Review and evaluation of educational and play materials . Significance  of educational play materials.  Preparation of social and fantasy play materials-: mirrors, dolls, puppets, stuffed toys. Explanation and mastery play materials: wooden blocks, puzzles, pattern making materials, books, music, art and movement play materials, art and craft materials, musical instruments, audio visual materials, gross motor play materials, push and pull toys, preparation of flash cards, charts, posters and models use of indigenous materials.

HSc  716   Functional Design for Special Needs                                                       (3 Units) Identification of special need types-: the physically challenged, the blind, crippled, aged etc . Identifying and designing functional houses for the physically challenged.

HSc  721    Hospitality Facility and Design                                                               (3 Units)

Hospitality and tourism operations. Identification of various hospitality facilities and designs. Utilization and importance of design in hospitality and tourism industry. Relationship between design, construction and efficient operation of hotel assets. Problems /challenges in hospitality operations.

HSc 722   Occupational Stress Management                                                            (3 Units) Occupational stress, stress vs challenge, facts on workers and stress/prevalence of occupational stress. The bodies physiologic response to stress, causes of stress, stress management/stress prevention. Strategy for individual stress management. Signs of stress and their solutions. Strategy for organizational change. Occupational stress management programme

HSc  723   Landscape  Design and Management                                                      (3 Units) Identification of landscape and turf plants pests and diseases. Job estimating and bidding, environmental planning and interpersonal skills. Design  and maintenance of various landscape situations, landscape drawing, reading draws and design plans and safety. Equipment operation and safety, career exploration, turf and lawn curt, irrigation and drainage/water needs of various landscape design rules, use of practicality. Needs analysis, aesthetics, property value appreciation. Sustainable and environmentally sensitive landscape design etc.

HSc  724   Floriculture/Flower Arrangement                                                           (3 Units)

Basic elements and principles of artistic floral design. The history of floral design. Design construction techniques and floral design nomenclature. Selection of cut flowers and wining flowers. Proper use and maintenance of tools for flower arrangement. Construction of flower designs for different occasions such as wedding floral design and sympathy flower

HSc 725   House and Its Interior                                                                                (3 Units) Housing needs and future projections; different types of houses; financing; housing schemes; sociology of housing; ergonomic requirements in designing house; house wiring and sanitary fittings; slums and squatters; household furniture functional designing, materials used and evaluation techniques; recommendations for comfortable furniture for different household activities; space saving furniture; household equipment functional design, performance and selection

HSc  726   Advanced Human Resource/Personnel Management                          (3 Units) Review of motivations for Human/personnel management. Management process and theories. Human resource policy, recruitment/selection, placement and promotion; motivation; learning concept and principles; interpersonal and group behavior dynamics; attitudes and job satisfaction; leadership; decision making and control; management skills; personal relations and conflict management.

HSc 727   Work Simplification and Analysis                                                            (3 Units) Definition and classification of household work; factors influencing performance of household work; work and work place relationship; human costs of work in relationship; human costs of work in relation to effective cognitive, temporal and physical components; description and analysis of work and amount of work; procedure for designing work through time and motion study technique; design of work methods.

HSc 729   Ecology and Environment                                                                         (3 Units) Meaning and definition of ecology, ecosystem, earth, man and environment, scope of the subject, dimension of the environment; land (as a resource, land pollution; prevention and control), air (composition, and its usefulness, air pollution-sources, their hazards, green house effect and ozone layer depletion and its impact, control measures), water (utility of water, problems and issues; water pollution and scarcity, pollution; their hazards and control), frost (utility of forest resources, deforestation and its impact, forest conservation), habitat and population (uncontrolled population growth and its impact , unplanned growth of cities and towns, migrationss, problems of housing and essential services, control measures, energy (major sources, renewable and non-renewable energy sources; alternate energy sources and energy conservation measures, waste management- types and methods of waste management; basic gardening understanding soil types, basic garden plants and their classification types of garden and their importance; environment education and protection.

HSc 731   Food Commodities Studies, Preparation and Management                  (3 Units) Structure, composition, physic-chemical properties and effect of cooking on the food quality and nutritive value of foods- cereals and flour mixtures, legumes, fruits and vegetables, milk and milk products, eggs, meat, fish and poultry, fats and oils, nuts and oilseeds, condiments and spices; sweeting agents and beverages; sugar cookery, leavening agents and pectins; non conventional food sources soya, leaf and fish protein concentrates; sensory evaluation of food. Methods of preparing foods from different food groups-vegetables and fruits, salad, fats and oils, cereals and starches, legumes, milk and cheese, eggs, meat, poultry and fish. Introduction to batters and doughs.

HSc 732   Food Quality and Safety                                                                           (3 Units) Quality attributes and characterization of various foodstuffs for human consumption, safe levels of foods by physical, organoleptic, chemical and microbiological examination, food laws and regulations, food standards and their enforcement, waste disposal, personal hygiene, food toxicants, sources, occurrence and problems, and effects on food. Pests, pesticide and chemical control, quality and storage, marketing and level of nutrients, methods of evaluating safe food for all. Food labeling, codex aliment Arius

HSc  733  Nutritional Disorders                                                                                (3 Units) 

Nutrition and health: major national nutritional disorders and their causes; history, terminology, classification, epidemiology, clinical features, pathology ,biochemical changes, prevention and  treatment of  PEM, nutritional anemia, iodine deficiency disorders, fluorosis and vitamin deficiency diseases; infection and immunity; nutritional disorders due to natural food toxins; malnutrition and mental development; influence of malnutrition on work capacity and productivity.

HSc 734   Advanced Community Nutrition and Public Health                              (3 Units) Food consumption tables, nutrient requirements and adequacy of diets of individuals and groups, food availability. Detailed methodology and application in the assessment of nutritional status of different groups in the community using established standard methods, their uses and pitfalls, – Design, implement and interpret anthropometric surveys in urban and rural settings, food balance sheets, food consumption methods, vital statistics, clinical signs, construction and use of questionnaires, choosing nutritional indicators, use of reference populations and cut-off points. Conceptual framework, nutrition services and programmes. Feeding of special groups; appraisal of nutritional problems and solutions; use of growth and development charts and growth monitoring; public health nutrition problems in urban and rural areas, income generation activities of women, community based nutrition programmes. Population and food supply. Nutrition Learning and behavior. Assesment of ecological and seasonal factors, nutrition, poverty and welfare, conceptual framework and assessment of food consumption and factors.

HSc 741   Sewing Projects for the Home                                                                   (3 Units)

Considerations for selection of materials and production of home sewn projects.  Construction  of home sewn projects including doors and window treatments and accessories. Sewing projects for the bed room: duvet, baby cot etc, sewing projects for sitting room, sewing projects for the kitchen, dining, baths and restrooms (emphasis on quitting, patchwork, crocheting, embroidery techniques and supporting fabrics.)

HSc  742   Colour, Dyes & Fabric  Coloration                                                          (3 Units)

Concepts of colour, colour theory, colour matching and measurement technology. Dyes and dye classifications. Relation of colour to light, chromogen types, chromophore types and auxichrome  types. Principles and problems in maintaining colour intergrity. Fabric coloration and techniques: Dyeing, printing techniques and their variations. Projects include: Experimenting with different classes of dyes on fabrics of natural and manufactured fibres using dyeing and printing techniques. Determination of quality of dyes on fabrics.  Colour fastness tests.

HSc 744   Computer Aided Apparel And Textile Design                                         (3 Units)

Introduction to pattern making software. Knowledge of pattern making hardware and programmes. Use of computer for pattern making and other industry applications; making patterns for different age groups. Using AutoCAD for apparel. Altering patterns using AutoCAD.  Grading pattern using AutoCAD.  Using AutoCAD for illustration and fabric surface design. Printing and plotting patterns, illustrations and markers.  Creating and storing slopers and basic  pattern blocks. Three dimensional (3 ̶ D) body scanning.

HSc  745    Traditional, Contemporary and Specialized Tailoring                         (3 Units) Handling special/challenging fabrics and sewing equipment. Application of trims and decorative surfaces. Fusing technology. Projects include construction of tailored garments such as suits and other formal party, wedding, functional/work clothes and special clothes including housecoats. Tradditional wears and apparels for the physically challenged. Commercial tailoring. Using sophisicated and standardised machines for embroidery, edge finishing and other surface decorations in garment construction.Safety precautions in the clothing laboratory.

HSc 749   Furniture and Furnishing                                                                   (3 Units)

Historic furniture style such as French, English, American covering of  the 17th to 20th centuries and present day style. The Nigerian furniture. Identification of the furniture industries today, part 1 and part 2. Fabric and fabric selection. Factors to consider in the arrangement of furniture: furniture size, room use, structural features, traffic pattern. Types of household furnishings and their maintenance, factors affecting the selection of household furnishing. Home improvement techniques based on local and modern material. Management of household furniture based on principle of time management and work simplification.

HSc  761   Statistics and Research Methods in Home Science                                (3 Units)

Review of different and research designs (survey, experimental, research and development (R&D), case study, action research, historical research designs etc.) Components of a research project; selection and formulation of problem. population, sample, sampling techniques and sample size determination, data collection techniques (quantitative and qualitative), data collection tools (questionnaire, interview, scales, observational techniques, focus group discussion, etc types, methods of construction and administration). Data manipulation, summarization and tools. Hypotheses testing and inferential statistics; parametric and non- parametric tests –Analysis of variance (ANOVA) and covariance ANCOVA),  t-test, chi square,  Duncan’s Multiple range test, Scheffe’s post hoc tests, Least significant difference (LSD). Regression analysis and multiple contingency. Performing quality control checks. Computer computation. Referencing- APA referencing style. Oral presentation, choosing the subject and criteria for choosing researchable topics.

HSc 780 Advanced Seminar 1                                                                                    (3 Units)

Exploration by guided study of special interest in Home Science for the individual postgraduate student and presented in a seminar or short written report with guidance of academic staff. 

HSc 781 Advanced Seminar 11                                                                                  (3 Units)

Exloration by guided study of special interest in Home Science for the individual postgraduate student and presented in a seminar or short written report with guidance of academic staff.

HSc 790/791 Thesis/Dissertation (Ph.D)                                                                 (12 Units)                                                                                           

Each student is expected to study fairly critically under controlled supervision by an academic staff a special problem in the chosen area of specialization in a dissertation. Student who presents a dissertation is expected to finally defend his or her findings before a panel of approved internal and external examiners. Each student must give an oral report in a seminar prior to presentation of unbound copies of findings to the head of department through his or her supervisor.